Tuesday, February 2, 2010

Agricola Militiam et Mercaturam Affectans (Trinity)

SOURCE: This poem was composed by the anonymous "Trinity Master" who published a lovely little book in 1852 setting Latin fables in prose side-by-side with his verse compositions; read the book at Google Books. This is poem 29 in the collection. Compare the story of the shepherd who wanted to be a merchant in Perry 207. You can find the word list for this fable online at NoDictionaries.com, and use it interactively

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Rusticus assiduo terram vertēbat arātrō;
At dedit haud cēnsum dīvitiasque labor.
Intereā, ad patriam Mīles post bella reversus
Quam lautus vīvat, quō sit honōre, videt.
Indignans fātō, bona mancipat omnia; Martis
Instruitur tēlīs Mīlitiamque petit.
Sub duce pugnātum est laevō; mala vulnera passus,
Cum clypeī damnō Mīles equīque fugit.
Mīlitiā fessus, pontum dein nāvita tentat;
Prōvehitur curva per freta longa rate:
Ātra ruit subitō tempestas; flūmine puppis
Vincitur: et merces unda virumque vorat.


PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Rusticus arātrō assiduo terram vertēbat; at labor cēnsum et dīvitias haud dedit. Intereā, Mīles post bella ad patriam reversus: videt quam lautus vīvat, quō honōre sit. Fātō indignans, bona omnia mancipat; Martis tēlīs instruitur et Mīlitiam petit. Sub duce laevō pugnātum est; mala vulnera passus, Mīles cum clypeī et equī damnō fugit. Mīlitiā fessus, dein nāvita pontum tentat; per freta longa rate curva prōvehitur: subitō tempestas ātra ruit; puppis flūmine vincitur: et unda merces et virum vorat.


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Rústicus áratro assíduo terram vertébat; at labor censum et divítias haud dedit. Intérea, Miles post bella ad pátriam revérsus: videt quam lautus vivat, quo honóre sit. Fato indígnans, bona omnia máncipat; Martis telis instrúitur et Milítiam petit. Sub duce laevo pugnátum est; mala vúlnera passus, Miles cum clýpei et equi damno fugit. Milítia fessus, dein návita pontum tentat; per freta longa rate curva provéhitur: súbito tempéstas atra ruit; puppis flúmine víncitur: et unda merces et virum vorat.


ELEGIAC COUPLET METER. Below I have used an interpunct dot · to indicate the metrical elements in each line, and a double line || to indicate the hemistichs of the pentameter line.

Rusticus· assidu·o ter·ram ver·tēbat a·rātrō;
At dedit· haud cēn·sum || dīviti·asque la·bor.
Intere~, ad patri·am Mī·les post· bella re·versus
Quam lau·tus vī·vat, || quō sit ho·nōre, vi·det.
Indig·nans fā·tō, bona· mancipat· omnia;· Martis
Instrui·tur tē·līs || Mīliti·amque pe·tit.
Sub duce· pugnā·t~ est lae·vō; mala· vulnera· passus,
Cum clype·ī dam·nō || Mīles e·quīque fu·git.
Mīliti·ā fes·sus, pon·tum dein· nāvita· tentat;
Prōvehi·tur cur·va || per freta· longa ra·te:
Ātra ru·it subi·tō tem·pestas;· flūmine· puppis
Vincitur:· et mer·ces || unda vi·rumque vo·rat.


IMAGE. Here's an illustration for the fable (image source) showing the wreck of a ship at sea:


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches: Rusticus aratro assiduo terram vertebat; at labor censum et divitias haud dedit. Interea, Miles post bella ad patriam reversus: videt quam lautus vivat, quo honore sit. Fato indignans, bona omnia mancipat; Martis telis instruitur et Militiam petit. Sub duce laevo pugnatum est; mala vulnera passus, Miles cum clypei et equi damno fugit. Militia fessus, dein navita pontum tentat; per freta longa rate curva provehitur: subito tempestas atra ruit; puppis flumine vincitur: et unda merces et virum vorat.

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