Monday, February 22, 2010

Duo Calvi (Phaedrus)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of Phaedrus with macrons, see the edition by J.H. Drake at GoogleBooks. This is fable 5.6 in Phaedrus. For parallel versions, see Perry 528.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Invēnit calvus fōrte in triviō pectinem.
Accessit alter aequē dēfectus pilīs.
"Hēia" inquit "in commūne quodcumque est lucrī! "
Ostendit ille praedam et adiēcit simul:
"Superūm voluntās fāvit; sed fātō invidō
carbōnem, ut āiunt, prō thēsaurō invēnimus."
Quem spēs dēlūsit, huic querēla convenit.



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Calvus, fōrte, pectinem in triviō invēnit. Alter pilīs dēfectus aequē accessit. Inquit: "Hēia, lucrī quodcumque in commūne est!" Ille praedam ostendit et adiēcit simul: "Superūm voluntās fāvit; sed fātō invidō carbōnem prō thēsaurō invēnimus, ut āiunt." Querēla huic convenit, quem spēs dēlūsit.


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Calvus, forte, péctinem in trívio invénit. Alter pilis deféctus aeque accéssit. Inquit: "Heia, lucri quodcúmque in commúne est!" Ille praedam osténdit et adiécit simul: "Súperum volúntas favit; sed fato ínvido carbónem pro thesaúro invénimus, ut aiunt." Queréla huic cónvenit, quem spes delúsit.


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature); for more information, here are some Notes on Iambic Meter.

Invē·nit cal·vus fōr·t~ in trivi·ō pec·tinem.
Acces·sit al·ter ae·quē dē·fectus· pilīs.
Hēi~ in·quit in· commū·ne quod·cumqu~ est· lucrī!
Osten·dit il·le prae·d~ et ad·
iēcit· simul:
"Superūm· volun·tās fā·vit; sed
· fāt~ in·vidō
carbō·n~, ut ā·iunt, prō· thēsau·r~ invē·nimus."
Quem spēs· dēlū·sit, huic· querē·la con·venit.



IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story (image source).


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Calvus, forte, pectinem in trivio invenit. Alter pilis defectus aeque accessit. Inquit: "Heia, lucri quodcumque in commune est!" Ille praedam ostendit et adiecit simul: "Superum voluntas favit; sed fato invido carbonem pro thesauro invenimus, ut aiunt." Querela huic convenit, quem spes delusit.

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