Wednesday, February 17, 2010

Lupi et Pastores - Demosthenes (J&D)

SOURCE: Second Latin Book: Jacobs' and Doering's Latin Reader (1845) at GoogleBooks. I'm not sure if this story was ever cataloged as one of Aesop's fables (does anyone know about that?); it has similarities to other fables, such as Perry 153 about the treaty between the wolves and the sheep, and Perry 342 about the treaty between the wolves and the dogs.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons or accent marks - and read the text out loud until you feel comfortable and confident. Then, try reading the unmarked text at the bottom. It should be easy for you after practicing with the marked texts. :-)


MACRONS. Here is the text with macrons:

Cum Philippus, rex Macedoniae, cum Athēniēnsibus foedus initūrus esset, eā conditiōne, ut ōrātōrēs suōs ipsī trāderent, Dēmosthenes populō narrāvit fābulam quā iīs callidum rēgis cōnsilium ante oculōs pōneret. Dīxit enim, lupōs quondam cum pastōribus pactōs esse, sē nunquam in posterum gregēs esse impugnātūrōs, sī canēs ipsīs dēderentur; placuisse stultīs pastōribus conditiōnem; sed cum lupī caulās, excubiīs nūdātās, vīdissent, eōs impetū factō omnem gregem dīlaniāsse.



ACCENT MARKS. Here is the text with ecclesiastical accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Cum Philíppus, rex Macedóniae, cum Atheniénsibus foedus initúrus esset, ea conditióne, ut oratóres suos ipsi tráderent, Demósthenes pópulo narrávit fábulam qua iis cállidum regis consílium ante óculos póneret. Dixit enim, lupos quondam cum pastóribus pactos esse, se nunquam in pósterum greges esse impugnatúros, si canes ipsis dederéntur; placuísse stultis pastóribus conditiónem; sed cum lupi caulas, excúbiis nudátas, vidíssent, eos ímpetu facto omnem gregem dilaniásse.



UNMARKED TEXT. Here is the unmarked text - after practicing with the marked text that you prefer, you should not have any trouble with the unmarked text:

Cum Philippus, rex Macedoniae,
cum Atheniensibus
foedus initurus esset,
ea conditione,
ut oratores suos
ipsi traderent,
Demosthenes
populo narravit fabulam
qua iis
callidum regis consilium
ante oculos poneret.
Dixit enim,
lupos quondam
cum pastoribus pactos esse,
se nunquam in posterum
greges esse impugnaturos,
si canes ipsis dederentur;
placuisse stultis pastoribus conditionem;
sed cum lupi
caulas, excubiis nudatas, vidissent,
eos
impetu facto
omnem gregem dilaniasse.



IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story (image source) showing Philip of Macedon's portrait on a gold coin:



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