Wednesday, January 6, 2010

Ianus: Prudentes (Alciato)

SOURCE: The emblems of Alciato, with a convenient bilingual presentation online at Memorial University, and a marvelous collection of illustrated editions at Glasgow. This is emblem 18 in the collection. It is not traditionally part of the Aesopic corpus, but as "mythology moralized" it fits in nicely with the other fables.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Iāne bifrōns, quī iam trānsacta futūraque callēs,
Quīque retrō sannās, sīcut et ante, vidēs:
Tē tot cūr oculīs, cūr fingunt vultibus? An quod
Circumspectum hominem forma fuisse docet?


PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Iāne bifrōns, quī iam trānsacta et futūra callēs, et quī retrō sannās, sīcut et ante vidēs: cūr tē fingunt tot oculīs, cūr tot vultibus? An quod forma hominem docet circumspectum fuisse?


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Iane bifrons, qui iam transácta et futúra calles, et qui retro sannas, sicut et ante vides: cur te fingunt tot óculis, cur tot vúltibus? An quod forma hóminem docet circumspéctum fuísse?


ELEGIAC COUPLET METER. Below I have used an interpunct dot · to indicate the metrical elements in each line, and a double line || to indicate the hemistichs of the pentameter line.

Iāne bi·frōns, quī· iam trān·sacta fu·tūraque· callēs,
Quīque re·trō san·nās, || sīcut et· ante, vi·dēs:
Tē tot· cūr ocu·līs, cūr· fingunt· vultibus?· An quod
Circum·spect~ homi·nem || forma fu·isse do·cet?


IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story from a 1567 edition of Alciato:


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Iane bifrons, qui iam transacta et futura calles, et qui retro sannas, sicut et ante vides: cur te fingunt tot oculis, cur tot vultibus? An quod forma hominem docet circumspectum fuisse?

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