Friday, January 15, 2010

Lupus: Oblivio paupertatis parens (Alciato)

SOURCE: The emblems of Alciato, with a convenient bilingual presentation online at Memorial University, and a marvelous collection of illustrated editions at Glasgow. This is emblem 66 in the collection. Although this is not a story found in Aesop's fables, it shares the motif of the forgetful animal with the fable of the lion who chased a deer and so lost his hare, Perry 148.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)

VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Cum lupus ēsuriēns mandit cervārius escam
Praeque famē captum dēvorat hinnuleum,
Respiciat sī forte aliō, vel lūmina vertat,
Praesentem oblītus quem tenet ungue cibum,
Quaeritat incertam - tanta est oblīvio - praedam.
Quī sua neglexit, stultē aliēna petit.

PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Cum lupus cervārius, ēsuriēns, escam mandit et prae famē hinnuleum captum dēvorat, sī forte aliō respiciat, vel lūmina vertat, oblītus cibum praesentem quem ungue tenet, praedam incertam quaeritat - tanta est oblīvio! Stultē aliēna petit, quī sua neglexit.

STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Cum lupus cervárius, esúriens, escam mandit et prae fame hinnúleum captum devórat, si forte alio respíciat, vel lúmina vertat, oblítus cibum praeséntem quem ungue tenet, praedam incértam quaéritat - tanta est oblívio! Stulte aliéna petit, qui sua negléxit.

ELEGIAC COUPLET METER. Below I have used an interpunct dot · to indicate the metrical elements in each line, and a double line || to indicate the hemistichs of the pentameter line.

Cum lupu·s ēsuri·ēns man·dit cer·vārius· escam
Praeque fa·mē cap·tum || dēvorat· hinnule·um,
Respici·at sī· fort~ ali·ō, vel· lūmina· vertat,
Praesent~· oblītus || quem tenet· ungue ci·bum,
Quaeritat· incer·tam - tan·t~ est ob·līvio· - praedam.
Quī sua· neglex·it, || stult~ ali·ēna pe·tit.

IMAGE. Here's an illustration for the fable (image source) from a 1621 edition of the emblems:

What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Cum lupus cervarius, esuriens, escam mandit et prae fame hinnuleum captum devorat, si forte alio respiciat, vel lumina vertat, oblitus cibum praesentem quem ungue tenet, praedam incertam quaeritat - tanta est oblivio! Stulte aliena petit, qui sua neglexit.

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