Saturday, January 2, 2010

Ovis, Cervus et Lupus (Phaedrus)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of Phaedrus with macrons, see the edition by J.H. Drake at GoogleBooks. This is fable 1.16 in Phaedrus. For parallel versions, see Perry 477.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Fraudātor hominēs cum advocat spōnsum improbōs,
nōn rem expedīre, sed malum augēre expetit.
Ovem rogābat cervus modium trīticī,
lupō spōnsōre. At illa, praemetuēns dolum,
"Rapere atque abīre semper adsuēvit lupus;
tū dē cōnspectū fugere vēlōcī impetū.
Ubi vōs requīram, cum diēs advēnerit?"



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Cum fraudātor hominēs improbōs spōnsum advocat, expetit nōn rem expedīre, sed malum augēre. Cervus ovem trīticī modium rogābat, lupō spōnsōre. At illa, dolum praemetuēns, "Lupus semper rapere atque abīre adsuēvit; tū impetū vēlōcī dē cōnspectū fugere. Ubi vōs requīram, cum diēs advēnerit?"


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Cum fraudátor hómines ímprobos sponsum ádvocat, éxpetit non rem expedíre, sed malum augére. Cervus ovem trítici módium rogábat, lupo sponsóre. At illa, dolum praemétuens, "Lupus semper rápere atque abíre adsuévit; tu ímpetu velóci de conspéctu fúgere. Ubi vos requíram, cum dies advénerit?"


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature):

Fraudā·tor homi·nēs c~ ad·vocat· spōns~ im·probōs,
nōn r~ ex·pedī·re, sed· mal~ au·gēr~ ex·petit.
Ovem· rogā·bat cer·vus modi·um trī·ticī,
lupō· spōnsōr~· At il·la, prae·metuēns· dolum,
Raper~ at·qu~ abī·re sem·per ad·suēvit· lupus;
tū dē· cōnspec·tū fuge·re vē·lōc~ im·petū.
Ubi vōs· requī·ram, cum· diēs· advē·nerit?



IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story (image source).



What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Cum fraudator homines improbos sponsum advocat, expetit non rem expedire, sed malum augere. Cervus ovem tritici modium rogabat, lupo sponsore. At illa, dolum praemetuens, "Lupus semper rapere atque abire adsuevit; tu impetu veloci de conspectu fugere. Ubi vos requiram, cum dies advenerit?"

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