Friday, April 16, 2010

Leo et Capra (Desbillons)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of the fables of Desbillons, the 18th-century Jesuit scholar and poet, see GoogleBooks. This is fable 2.19. For parallel versions, see Perry 157.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Cōnsilia quī dant, saepe cōnsulunt sibi.
Stantem Leo vidēns rūpe in excelsā Capram,
In prātum ut illa potius dēscendat, monet,
Quō molle grāmen, teneraque invītat salix.
Capra refert: Faciam, hinc sī procul discesseris;
Quī nōn, ut melius mihi sit, hoc suādēs mihi,
Sed ut habeās tū, quod vorēs famēlicus.



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Quī cōnsilia dant, saepe sibi cōnsulunt. Leo Capram vidēns in rūpe excelsā stantem, monet ut illa potius dēscendat in prātum , quō molle grāmen invītat, et salix tenera. Capra refert: Faciam, sī hinc procul discesseris, quī hoc mihi suādēs nōn, ut melius mihi sit, sed ut habeās tū, quod, famēlicus, vorēs.


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Qui consília dant, saepe sibi cónsulunt. Leo Capram videns in rupe excélsa stantem, monet ut illa pótius descéndat in pratum , quo molle gramen invítat, et salix ténera. Capra refert: Fáciam, si hinc procul discésseris, qui hoc mihi suades non, ut mélius mihi sit, sed ut hábeas tu, quod, famélicus, vores.


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature); for more information, here are some Notes on Iambic Meter.

Cōnsili·a quī· dant, sae·pe cōn·sulunt· sibi.
Stantem· Leo vi·dēns rūp~· in ex·celsā· Capram,
In prā·t~ ut il·la poti·us dēs·cendat,· monet,
Quō mol·le grā·men, tene·raqu~ in·vītat· salix.
Capra re·fert: Faci·~ hinc sī· procul· disces·seris;
Quī nōn,· ut meli·us mihi· sit, hoc· suādēs· mihi,
Sed ut ha·beās· tū, quod· vorēs· famē·licus.



IMAGE. Here is the illustration of the fable (image source) from a 1521 edition of the fables:


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Qui consilia dant, saepe sibi consulunt. Leo Capram videns in rupe excelsa stantem, monet ut illa potius descendat in pratum , quo molle gramen invitat, et salix tenera. Capra refert: Faciam, si hinc procul discesseris, qui hoc mihi suades non, ut melius mihi sit, sed ut habeas tu, quod, famelicus, vores.

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