Tuesday, April 13, 2010

Oves et Lupi (Desbillons)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of the fables of Desbillons, the 18th-century Jesuit scholar and poet, see GoogleBooks. This is fable 3.9. For parallel versions, see Perry 153.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Ovēs Lupōsque, pāce factā iunxerat
Sōlemne foedus, ūtrinque obsidibus datis.
Ovēs dedēre vim canum, catulōs Lupī.
Sed illae cum vix incēpisset simplicēs
Līberius agere, et pāce properarent fruī;
Catulī ecce, mātrum dēsīderiō percitī,
Ululātūs ēdunt. Audiunt Lupī, irruunt;
Fidemque laesam crīminantur, ac Ovēs
Laniant, heu! dēstitūtās praesidiō canum.
Pax fraudulenta bellō ipsō damnōsior.



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Pāce factā, foedus sōlemne Ovēs et Lupōs iunxerat, obsidibus ūtrinque datis. Ovēs vim canum dedēre, Lupī catulōs. Sed cum illae, simplicēs, vix incēpisset līberius agere et pāce fruī properarent, ecce: Catulī, mātrum dēsīderiō percitī, ululātūs ēdunt. Lupī audiunt, irruunt et crīminantur fidem laesam, ac Ovēs laniant, heu, canum praesidiō dēstitūtās. Pax fraudulenta bellō ipsō damnōsior.


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Pace facta, foedus solémne Oves et Lupos iúnxerat, obsídibus utrínque datis. Oves vim canum dedére, Lupi cátulos. Sed cum illae, símplices, vix incepísset libérius ágere et pace frui properárent, ecce: Cátuli, matrum desidério pérciti, ululátus edunt. Lupi aúdiunt, írruunt et criminántur fidem laesam, ac Oves lániant, heu, canum praesídio destitútas. Pax fraudulénta bello ipso damnósior.


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature); for more information, here are some Notes on Iambic Meter.

Ovēs· Lupōs·que, pā·ce fac·tā iunx·erat
Sōlem·ne foe·dus, ū·trinqu~ ob·sidibus· datis.
Ovē·s dedē·re vim· canum,· catulōs· Lupī.
Sed il·lae cum· vix in·cēpis·set sim·plicēs
Līberi·us age·r~ et pā·ce prope·rarent· fruī;
Catul~ ec·ce, mā·trum dē·sīderi·ō per·citī,
Ululā·tūs ē·dunt. Au·diunt· Lup~ ir·ruunt;
Fidem·que lae·sam crī·minan·tur, ac· Ovēs
Laniant,· heu! dē·stitū·tās prae·sidiō· canum.
Pax frau·dulen·ta bel·l~ ipsō· damnō·sior.



IMAGE. Here's an illustration for the fable (image source) from a Renaissance fable book:


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Pace facta, foedus solemne Oves et Lupos iunxerat, obsidibus utrinque datis. Oves vim canum dedere, Lupi catulos. Sed cum illae, simplices, vix incepisset liberius agere et pace frui properarent, ecce: Catuli, matrum desiderio perciti, ululatus edunt. Lupi audiunt, irruunt et criminantur fidem laesam, ac Oves laniant, heu, canum praesidio destitutas. Pax fraudulenta bello ipso damnosior.

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