Wednesday, April 14, 2010

Canis Mordax (Osius)

SOURCE: The poem comes from Phryx Aesopus Habitu Poetico, by Hieronymus Osius, published in 1574, and online at the University of Mannheim as page images and text scan. This is poem 96 in the collection. For parallel versions, see Perry 332.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Tinnula dē collō quīdam suspensa gerēbat
Aera (iubent haec quem signa cavēre) Canis.
Praemia ceu sint haec sibi prō virtūte, superbit,
Hōc aliōs temnēns laetus honōre Canēs.
Hinc ait ūnus, erat cuī iam sua grandior aetas,
Haec sibi tinnītū disce quid aera velint.
Signārī prāvōs hoc mōrēs indice nōris,
Nē decus illa tuī corporis aera putēs.
Saepe placent hominēs scelerum sibi lābe suārum,
Sēque, quod est aliīs turpe, decēre putant.


PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Canis quīdam tinnula aera dē collō suspensa gerēbat (haec signa iubent quem cavēre). Ceu haec praemia prō virtūte sibi sint, superbit hōc honōre laetus Canēs aliōs temnēns. Hinc ūnus ait, cuī aetas sua iam grandior erat: Disce quid tinnītū haec aera sibi velint. Hoc indice nōris mōrēs prāvōs signārī, nē putēs aera illa tuī corporis decus. Saepe suārum scelerum lābe hominēs sibi placent et putant sē decēre, quod aliīs est turpe.


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Canis quidam tínnula aera de collo suspénsa gerébat (haec signa iubent quem cavére). Ceu haec praémia pro virtúte sibi sint, supérbit hoc honóre laetus Canes álios temnens. Hinc unus ait, cui aetas sua iam grándior erat: Disce quid tínnitu haec aera sibi velint. Hoc índice noris mores pravos signári, ne putes aera illa tui córporis decus. Saepe suárum scélerum labe hómines sibi placent et putant se decére, quod áliis est turpe.


ELEGIAC COUPLET METER. Below I have used an interpunct dot · to indicate the metrical elements in each line, and a double line || to indicate the hemistichs of the pentameter line.

Tinnula ·dē col·lō quī·dam sus·pensa ge·rēbat
Aera (iu·bent haec ·quem || signa ca·vēre) Ca·nis.
Praemia ·ceu sint ·haec sibi ·prō vir·tūte, su·perbit,
Hōc ali·ōs tem·nēns || laetus ho·nōre Ca·nēs.
Hinc ait ·ūnus, e·rat cuī· iam sua· grandior ·aetas,
Haec sibi· tinnī·tū || disce quid ·aera ve·lint.
Signā·rī prā·vōs hoc ·mōrēs ·indice· nōris,
Nē decus ·illa tu·ī || corporis· aera pu·tēs.
Saepe pla·cent homi·nēs scele·rum sibi· lābe su·ārum,
Sēque, quod ·est ali·īs || turpe, de·cēre pu·tant.


IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story from the 1574 edition of Osius:



What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches: Canis quidam tinnula aera de collo suspensa gerebat (haec signa iubent quem cavere). Ceu haec praemia pro virtute sibi sint, superbit hoc honore laetus Canes alios temnens. Hinc unus ait, cui aetas sua iam grandior erat: Disce quid tinnitu haec aera sibi velint. Hoc indice noris mores pravos signari, ne putes aera illa tui corporis decus. Saepe suarum scelerum labe homines sibi placent et putant se decere, quod aliis est turpe.

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