Wednesday, March 17, 2010

Homo et Colubra Ingrata (Phaedrus)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of Phaedrus with macrons, see the edition by J.H. Drake at GoogleBooks. This is fable 4.20 in Phaedrus. For parallel versions, see Perry 176.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Quī fert malīs auxilium, post tempus dolet.
Gelū rigentem quīdam colubram sustulit
sinūque fōvit, contrā sē ipse misericors;
namque, ut refecta est, necuit hominem prōtinus.
Hanc alia cum rogāret causam facinoris,
respondit: "Nē quis discat prōdesse improbīs."



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Quī auxilium malīs fert, post tempus dolet. Quīdam, ipse contrā sē misericors, sustulit colubram, gelū rigentem, et sinū fōvit, namque prōtinus, ut refecta est, hominem necuit. Cum colubra alia rogāret facinoris causam, haec respondit: "Nē quis discat improbīs prōdesse."


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Qui auxílium malis fert, post tempus dolet. Quidam, ipse contra se miséricors, sústulit cólubram, gelu rigéntem, et sinu fovit, namque prótinus, ut refécta est, hóminem nécuit. Cum cólubra ália rogáret facínoris causam, haec respóndit: "Ne quis discat ímprobis prodésse."


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature); for more information, here are some Notes on Iambic Meter.

Quī fert· malīs· auxili·um, post· tempus· dolet.
Gelū· rigen·tem quī·dam colu·bram sus·tulit
sinū·que fō·vit, con·trā s~ ip·se mise·ricors;
namqu~, ut· refec·t~ est, necu·it homi·nem prō·tinus.
Hanc ali·a cum· rogā·ret cau·sam faci·noris,
respon·dit: "Nē· quis dis·cat prō·dess~ im·probīs."



IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story (image source).


What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Qui auxilium malis fert, post tempus dolet. Quidam, ipse contra se misericors, sustulit colubram, gelu rigentem, et sinu fovit, namque protinus, ut refecta est, hominem necuit. Cum colubra alia rogaret facinoris causam, haec respondit: "Ne quis discat improbis prodesse."

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