Monday, December 21, 2009

Lupus et Vulpis Iudice Simio (Phaedrus)

SOURCE: For a complete edition of Phaedrus with macrons, see the edition by J.H. Drake at GoogleBooks. This is fable 1.10 in Phaedrus. For parallel versions, see Perry 474.

READ OUT LOUD. Choose which marked text you prefer to practice with - macrons in verse form, or macrons in prose order, or accent marks in prose order, or focusing on the iambic meter. You will find materials for all of these options below. :-)


VERSE MACRONS. Here is the verse text with macrons:

Quīcumque turpī fraude semel innōtuit,
etiam si vērum dīcit, āmittit fidem.
Hōc attestātur brevis Aesōpi fābula.
Lupus arguēbat vulpem fūrtī crīmine;
negābat illa sē esse culpae proximam.
Tunc iūdex inter illōs sēdit sīmius.
Uterque causam cum perōrāssent suam,
dīxisse fertur sīmius sententiam:
"Tū nōn vidēris perdidisse quos petis;
tē crēdō subripuisse quod pulchrē negās."



PROSE MACRONS. Here is the same text with macrons written out in prose word order:

Quīcumque turpī fraude semel innōtuit, fidem āmittit, etiam si vērum dīcit. Aesōpi brevis fābula hōc attestātur. Lupus vulpem fūrtī crīmine arguēbat; illa negābat sē culpae proximam esse. Tunc sīmius iūdex inter illōs sēdit. Cum uterque causam suam perōrāssent, sīmius fertur sententiam dīxisse: "Tū nōn vidēris perdidisse quos petis; crēdō tē subripuisse quod pulchrē negās."


STRESS (ACCENT) MARKS. Here is the prose text with accents, plus some color-coding for the words of three or more syllables (blue: penultimate stress; red: antepenultimate stress):

Quicúmque turpi fraude semel innótuit, fidem amíttit, etiam si verum dicit. Aesópi brevis fábula hoc attestátur. Lupus vulpem furti crímine arguébat; illa negábat se culpae próximam esse. Tunc símius iudex inter illos sedit. Cum utérque causam suam perorássent, símius fertur senténtiam dixísse: "Tu non vidéris perdidísse quos petis; credo te subripuísse quod pulchre negas."


IAMBIC METER. Here is the verse text with some color coding to assist in the iambic meter. The disyllabic elements (iambs/spondees) are not marked, but the trisyllabic elements are color-coded: dactyls are red, anapests are purple, and tribrachs are green (as is any proceleusmaticus, although that is a rare creature):

Quīcum·que tur·pī frau·de semel· innōt·uit,
etiam· si vē·rum dī·cit, ā·mittit· fidem.
Hōc at·testā·tur brevis· Aesō·pi fā·bula.
Lupus ar·guē·bat vul·pem fūr·tī crī·mine;
negā·bat il·la s~ es·se cul·pae pro·ximam.
Tunc iū·dex in·ter il·lōs sē·dit sī·mius.
Uter·que cau·sam cum· perō·rāssent· suam,
dīxis·se fer·tur sī·mius· senten·tiam:
Tū nōn· vidē·ris per·didis·se quos· petis;
tē crē·dō sub·ripuis·se quod· pulchrē· negās.



IMAGE. Here is an illustration for the story (image source) from a Renaissance edition of Aesop:



What follows is an unmarked version of the prose rendering to faciliate word searches:
Quicumque turpi fraude semel innotuit, fidem amittit, etiam si verum dicit. Aesopi brevis fabula hoc attestatur. Lupus vulpem furti crimine arguebat; illa negabat se culpae proximam esse. Tunc simius iudex inter illos sedit. Cum uterque causam suam perorassent, simius fertur sententiam dixisse: "Tu non videris perdidisse quos petis; credo te subripuisse quod pulchre negas."

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